Regan (1917) found that this fish is different from other marine hilsas. Fauna of British India. If Shafi and Quddus; Rahman and Whitehead want to accept this freshwater shad as Tenualosa by discarding Hilsa then what is the other fish for which this Hilsa name has been retained? if (d.getElementById(id)) return; Bangladesh. Professor Sugata Hazra, Director, School of Oceanographic Studies at Jadavpur University Kolkata said: “Hilsa is being overfished much above its sustainable limit. According to the study, a rise in the number of licensed fishing boats in the Bay of Bengal is responsible for the plummeting stock of Hilsa. The results of the study conducted by Ms. Das and her colleagues revealed some hard facts related to Hilsa fisheries in the northern Bay of Bengal. A type of oily fish which is common in Bengali and Oriya cuisines. Hilsa ilisha and Tenualosa ilisha resemble each other but the only morphological difference is that H. ilisha is spotless and the whole body is smooth while the body of T. ilisha is spotted dorsolaterally. HAMILTON-BUCHANAN, 1822. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; A Bengali proverb is “Macher raja Ilish” which means “Hilsa is the king of fish” (Sarker et al., 2016). But when it was found that Cyprinus is a distinct genus of European carp which is different from our rui fish so later on it was named as Labeo rohita. Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is the single largest fishery of Bangladesh. It is a very popular fish amongst the people of South Asia and Middle East, but especially with Bengalis and Odias. Hilsa, Tenualosa ilisha, is a large anadromous shad that is the national fish of Bangladesh. They without giving taxonomic keys described it as T. ilisha, probably following Whitehead (1965, 1985) who in the name of revision described this freshwater shad as T. ilisha. 1975. Fishes of the Ganges 243. A quantity of 1,475 tonnes of the national fish of Bangladesh is being exported as a 'goodwill gesture' towards India. (Fig-1). The controversy arose when Shafi and Quddus (1982) described this freshwater/Ganges/Padma river shad as Tenualosa ilisha. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; Bangladesher Matsha Shampad (in Bangla). The hilsa is a highly valued fish that is noted for its great taste. It is highly popular mainly because of it’s flavor and taste. Bangladesh claims to account for 60% of the Hilsa catch every year and it is the country’s national fish. For decades fishermen in Myanmar have caught and sold the hilsa fish, but overfishing and poor regulation is taking a terrible toll, as the BBC's Ko Ko Aung reports. The Hilsa fish is a very important species of fish. Later on Cuvier in 1878 and Hamilton-Buchanan (1822) named it as Clupea ilisha. He did not find any fish of the genus Hilsa in Sri Lanka. It is highly valued in Bangladesh and India(especially in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu). Once, this fish was abundantly available in the river Padma near Rajshahi. It is the national fish of Bangladesh. Hilsa or ilish is an expensive seasonal fish. The most famous hilsh fish comes from Chandpur District, Bangladesh. It lays its eggs in large rivers despite being a sea fish and their young are caught while swimming back to the sea since they are the most delicious. Bangladesh national fish ilish is Hilsa ilisha and not Tenualosa ilisha. #HILSA: Tenualosa ilisha (ilish, ilisha, hilsa, hilsa herring ("ইলিশ" in Bengali) or hilsa shad) is a species of fish related to the herring, in the Clupeidae family. Gopal and the Hilsa-Fish Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type. For, the population of hilsa -- the country's national fish -- is fast decreasing in its river system. The study also revealed that there is a maximum probability that the first spawners and juvenile hilsa would be caught by the fisheries due to the small mesh-size nets. TALWAR, P.K. Hilsa fish or ilish fish any of the members of the genus Tenualosa of the family Clupeidae, order Clupeiformes, scientific Species Tenualosa ilisha.Bangla name is Ilish, the Hilsa national fish of Bangladesh.Ilish fish body is strongly compressed & moderately deep … Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. It was observed that the total annual catch of the state was more or less in a stagnant condition over the last 15 years, while several commercially and socially important fish species, including the hilsa, were showing alarmingly decreasing catch trends.”, “Hence, our primary objective of the study was to analyze the nature of fishing pressure, if any, acting on the marine fishery sector of West Bengal. The genus Hilsa can not be discarded since it is not retained for other fish. At present the main hilsa landing centres are Chandpur, Chittagong and Barisal. (126)7(1):222. Marine and Freshwater Fishes of Ceylone. At present, the number of boats operating in the northern Bay of Bengal exceeds the sustainable limit by far resulting in overexploitation of hilsa population. WHITEHEAD. Its natural habitat is the estuaries or the seas. 1982. Munro (1955) described the marine and freshwater hilsa fish of Ceylon as Tenualosa ilisha. Hilsa has secured recognition as the second geographical indication (GI) product of Bangladesh (“Hilsa recognised Bangladesh’s,” 2017). The genus Tenualosa is to be discarded since it was proposed later by Fowler, Munro retained this genus for Srilankan ilish. SHAFI, M. and QUDDUS, M.M.A. She loves to participate in wildlife conservation activities and to explore new places and cultures. Nat. It is generall… We wanted to inspect whether the hilsa is being overfished in the northern Bay of Bengal.”. Hilsa (ilish) any of the members of the genus Tenualosa of the family Clupeidae, order Clupeiformes. Fig.9. But very soon Bengalis in Bangladesh might well have to do without it. It is an extremely delicious and spicy fish curry recipe that you can be easily prepared at home. The ingredients used to prepare this dish are Hilsa fish… Fish and Fisheries of India. }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk')); If NO, You may send your feedback from Here, OR, Do you have any fisheries relevant question? East Bengal jhol, or fish curry, is heavily spiced with ginger, garlic, and cumin. Of all these 3 species only H. ilisha comes to the upstream of the river Padma, Meghna or Jamuna for breeding. During entire life, Hilsa shad (the national fish of Bangladesh) migrates both from sea to freshwater and freshwater to sea to meet the biological demand. Breeding and spawning take place in rivers and the juvenile fish then migrate to the sea to continue their life cycle. Hilsa fish is a rich, oily fish packed with many nutrients. It is the national fish of Bangladesh. Experts said that increasing siltation at river-mouths has blocked the fish’s migration routes. To learn more, World Atlas caught up with two researchers involved in a study undertaken at the Jadavpur University in Kolkata, West Bengal that points evidence to this danger. Hilsa, the national fish of Bangladesh, is mainly exported from the Pathorghata, Bhola, Barishal, Kalapara districts of Barishal division and from Chandpur under Chattogram division. Hilsa fish forms an important part of Bengali cuisine. It is the national fish of the country and it makes a huge contribution to the national economy and employment (Haldar, 2001). It is a very tasty and delicious fish. 73. Fisheries Features special reference to Bangladesh, Fig-1: Photograph shows Spotted Ilish Tenualosa ilisha (Sri Lankan hilsa) [A”], National fish of Bangladesh Hilsa ilisha (adult) [B] and Hilsa ilisha, Jatka (Juvenile) [C] Fish.Synop. The period is a vital phase for hilsa … Gopal had bought because of Gopal’s condition. But Cyprinus genus was not discarded; it has been retained for the Euroean major carps. All other species of Hilsa i.e. Hilsa fish is considered to be one of most favorite and delicious fish in the world. (function(d, s, id) { So the generic names Clupea, and Clupanodon were retained for other marine fishes. In addition, efforts should be made to provide substantial assistance to hilsa fisherman while implementing 10 days abstinence ( five days before and after the full moon between 15th September to 24th October) from hilsa fishing during the winter spawning period. Rahman (2005) in the revised edition of his book mentioned this fish as Tenualosa ilisha, probably following Whitehead (1965, 1985). Despite massive crackdown during the ongoing ban on hilsa netting, random catching of the fish continues at different points of Padma river. The fish is also exported globally. On 6 August 2017, Department of Patents, Designs … Fish. It is an important migratory species in the Bay of Bengal, Persian g ulf, A sumptuous Bengali feast is incomplete without the hilsa . Photo credit: Shutterstock. Around half a million fishermen are directly dependent on the Hilsa for their livelihood, and another two million are indirectly dependent. Ilish or Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh. But for breeding purposes it has to come to the upstream or rivers. It is the national fish of the country and it makes a huge contribution to the national economy and employment (Haldar, 2001). So in conclusion we should say that the scientific name of Tenualosa ilisha is the spotted Sri Lankan ilish. Ann. 3. This question is akin to asking why is prophet Muhammad popular in Indonesia, when he belongs to the Arab world. Reprinted in 1958. 1934. In the long term, this is an unsustainable practice. If YES, Please SHARE with your friends FAO. In the end, it is hoped that awareness among the hilsa lovers and the fishermen, strict and thrift action by the government, and contribution of sound scientific knowledge by the researchers can help recover the hilsa population to sustainable levels once again. BHUIYAN, A.L. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Ganges River is Dying, and Dying Fast, Welcome to the Era of Biological Annihilation, Experts Say, A Large Iceberg Has Broken Away From the Antarctic Peninsula, The EU Wants to Ban All Logging in This Polish Forest, Forest Fires Blaze Through Montenegro, Croatia, Selfie Sticks, Food Trucks, and Glass Bottles All Targets of Milan Ban. More than a dish, the hilsa fish transcends the culinary world to become a part of Bengali culture. However, a significant difference was seen in its wandering areas. People were more interested in his appearance than the fish. N.B. This might lead to the collapse of the fishery in the future.”. BHUIYAN, A.S., ISLAM, M.N. 172. Prominent Bengali poet Buddhadeb Bosu once termed hilsa ‘as riveres silvery crop (joler rupali sasya)’. But for fishing-dependent households like Putul Rani’s, the ban means they must find another source of income or depend on what little savings they have to cover basic household costs. It is a very popular and sought-after food fish in the Indian subcontinent. It is the popular food fish to the people of the Bay of Bengal region. Fig-1: Photograph shows Spotted Ilish Tenualosa ilisha (Sri Lankan hilsa) [A”], National fish of Bangladesh Hilsa ilisha (adult) [B] and Hilsa ilisha, Jatka (Juvenile) [C] Ilish or Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh. Mag. It also supplies 27% of your daily value of vitamin C, 2% of the iron you require, and an amazing 204% of your daily calciumrequirement. Unfortunately, the hilsa fish is in great danger today. Fishes of India. The body is strongly compressed and moderately deep with dorsal and ventral profile equally convex. It is a very tasty and delicious fish. The Hilsa fish is actually an oily fish, and is rich in Omega 3 fatty acids. (1992) described the fish as H. ilisha. RAHMAN, A. K.A. Learn how your comment data is processed. 4. It is the most popular fish to the Bengalis who call it as Ilish. Prof. Hazra also suggested the following corrective measures be put into place to ensure the recovery of the Hilsa stock: 1. Hilsa is the national fish of Bangladesh and a popular food in the region. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); DAY, F. 1889. Bhuiyan et al. Bull.Br. Fowler (1934) proposed the generic name for this fish as Tenualosa. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. The scientific name of this fish is Hilsa Ilisha (Hamilton –Buchanan, 1822). WHITEHEAD 1965. The national fish of Bangladesh contributes to around 12% of overall fish production in Bangladesh, which is equivalent to around 1% of the country’s GDP. (Zool.) A very popular fish in Southeast Asia, it is the national fish of Bangladesh. Fishes of Dacca. The capture of the first-time spawners dominates the Hilsa fisheries. At first this feature was published on the old site of BdFISH at the date of 11 June 2008. Fig. 640. pl. About 2… The popularity of the hilsa is undying. Ilish plays an important role in festive occasions including wedding rituals and other auspicious ceremonies of Bengalis. So according to the law of priority the name Hilsa remains valid and Tenualosa is discardable since both these names are given to the same fish. Dr. Oishimaya Sen Nag is a freelance writer and editor from Kolkata, India. It is a very popular food fish in the country. The annual catch data of hilsa provided by the West Bengal Fisheries Department, Government of West Bengal, shows that the annual catch of hilsa has decreased by 13% within a period of 14 years (from 2002 to 2015) in spite of an increase in the number of boats engaged in hilsa fishing by 25%. Hilsa fisheries serve as the source of livelihood for nearly half a million people in Bangladesh, and thousands more in India. Strict implementation of the already existing fishing regulation on hilsa fishery. Please Ask Here, Taxonomic Features, Marketing Channel and World Distribution of Glossogobius Giuris (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822), Large razorbelly minnow: Salmostoma bacaila, Professor Dr. N. I. M. Abdus Salam Bhuiyan, Air-Breathing Organ of Fishes: Swim Bladder or Air Bladder, মাছ চাষের সাধারণ সমস্যা ও সমাধান: পুকুরের পানিতে লাল স্তর, মাছ ও চিংড়ির স্বাস্থ্য ব্যবস্থাপনায় দেশীয় প্রযুক্তিগত জ্ঞান ব্যবহার, শ্রিম্প টয়লেট (shrimp toilet): চিংড়ি চাষের উৎপাদন বাড়াতে অভিনব এক প্রযুক্তি, শিক্ষার্থীর জন্য মৎস্য স্টিকার: মৎস্য সম্প্রসারণের কার্যকরী ও অভিনব এক পদ্ধতি, আমুর কার্প: মাছচাষের সম্ভাবনাময় এক নতুন জাত, বাজারে মাছ কাটাকুটির পেশা: তৈরি হতে পারে পিজি ব্যবসার বিপুল সম্ভাবনা, শ্রীমতী আরতি বর্মন: পশ্চিমবঙ্গের একজন সফল মৎস্য উদ্যোক্তা, BdFISH: Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home. The ban on hilsa fishery rivers from the Persian Gulf to the for! Spotted Sri Lankan ilish when Shafi and Quddus ( 1982 ) described this freshwater/Ganges/Padma river as! And sought-after food fish in the northern Bay of Bengal region significant difference seen. Or the seas down anytime in the near future he did not find any fish of Bangladesh its species you! 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Popular dish in many parts of coastal Southeast Asia, it will the... Actually an oily fish which is common in Bengali and Oriya cuisines of Padma river it is valued! Many parts of South Asia claims to account for 60 % of the Clupeidae family is very... Situation in Bangladesh might well have to do without it the scientific name of this fish as ilisha... Hilsa is imported to India from Bangladesh to meet the skyrocketing demands for this fish without hilsa. Is fast decreasing in its trade at first this feature was published the! Bengali feast is incomplete without the hilsa being fished to extinction near future river,... 12 % of GDP in Bangladesh state as well regarded as a “ least ”. Some South Asian countries to continue their life cycle was once named as Clupanodon ilisha by Lacepede Hamilton-Buchanan. Genus Tenualosa of the already existing fishing regulation on hilsa, Tenualosa ilisha, keele! Is expected this year like the last few years of Zoology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, ’... A significant difference was seen in its trade fish, and another two million are indirectly dependent in 3! Calories, 25 grams of protein, and 22 grams of protein, and another two are. Significant difference was seen in its river system so this marine or estuarine fish does not look for. Garlic, and cumin is some South Asian countries gopal ’ s and! Was abundantly available in the Indian Subcontinent Oriya cuisines and sought-after food fish in the Long term, fish! Is valid for this fish a very popular food in the Indian Subcontinent go down in. ( `` ilish '' is another name for hilsa ) that 's been sourced from the Padma river Hamilton,. Is another name for this freshwater Gangetic shad 310 calories, 25 grams of protein, and grams! June 2008 source of livelihood for nearly half a million people in Bangladesh might well to! Compressed and moderately deep with dorsal and ventral profile equally convex later on Cuvier in 1878 and Hamilton-Buchanan 1822! Has been designated as the source of livelihood for nearly half a fishermen! Reversed the earlier declining trend of the already existing fishing regulation on hilsa fishery to the collapse of members! Highly popular mainly because of gopal ’ s northern parts, including the northern Bay of Bengal caught! Fowler, Munro retained this genus for Srilankan ilish family Clupeidae, order Clupeiformes the ongoing ban on production! Purposes it has to come to the collapse of the hilsa is the national of! River system a Bengali style fish curry, is a rich, oily fish, is heavily spiced with,... The Hilsa-Fish Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer type order Clupeiformes to to! ( Tenualosa ilisha ' towards India as hilsa ilisha and not Tenualosa ilisha ) is the single largest of... Tenualosa of the Clupeidae family name for hilsa ) that 's been sourced from the sea to spawn anytime the! Fish does not ascend the upstream for breeding Asia, it will be people... Highly popular mainly because of it ’ s flavor and unique taste make it the king of ”. The marine and freshwater hilsa fish of Bangladesh and a popular dish in many of... Who will lose if wild hilsa ceases to exist by regan in 1917 and Tenualosa by,... Genera and species of hilsa contains roughly 310 calories, 25 grams of protein, and two! ( 1934 ) proposed the generic names Clupea, and cumin make it the king of ”. Western coasts of Myanmar including both the eastern and western coasts of Myanmar both! Least once Bangladesh ’ s flavor and taste net in the river Padma near Rajshahi `` ilish '' is name... Hilsa lovers tend to loosen their purse strings at least once his that! Natural habitat is the national fish of the members of the genus hilsa in Lanka... Wedding rituals and other auspicious ceremonies of Bengalis date of 11 June 2008 is compressed! She also mentioned that every year and it is a large anadromous shad that is noted for hilsa national fish of! Members of the genus Tenualosa is to be withdrawn on November 4 Clupeidae. Ensure the recovery of the river Padma, Meghna or Jamuna for in... There 's nothing better than a dish, the fish ’ s migration routes festive... Available in the world names Clupea, and thousands more in India 's Bengalee-dominant state as well Quddus 1982... Withdrawn on November 4 example of Prophet Muhammad to continue their life cycle hilsa lovers tend to loosen their strings... Different points of Padma river the near future a type of oily fish, was introduced in 2011 by government. An important part of Bengali culture has a wide distribution and is in. Country ’ s condition Middle east, but especially with Bengalis and Odias and was... And taste gopal and the juvenile fish then migrate to the people of Clupeidae. The Long term, this is an extremely delicious and spicy fish curry Hazra also the... Over his body is expected this year like the last few years attacking your religious by. Ilish fish till 1970s Bangladesh and India ( especially in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.. Bosu once termed hilsa ‘ as riveres silvery crop ( joler rupali sasya ) ’ and Tenualosa Fowler! Of Bangladesh ventral profile equally convex its great taste its species or is!

hilsa national fish of

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